Form Meanings and Videos

International Tae Kwon Do Form Meanings/Video
CHONG JI - White Belt Form/Video

Chong Gi means literally “Heaven and Earth”, and is in the Orient interpreted as the creation of the world and the beginning of human history. Therefore it is the initial pattern learned by the beginner. Their pattern consists of two parts – one to represent Heaven, the other, the Earth.

Chong Gi Hyung Video

DAN-GUN - Orange Belt Form/Video

Named after the Holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C.


DO-SAN Green Belt Form/Video


he pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement.


WON-HYO - Blue Belt Form/Video


Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.


YUL-Gok - Brown Belt Form/Video

is the pseudonym of the great philosopher Yii(1536-1584 A.D.) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th parallel.


Chung-GUN - Brown/Red Belt Form/Video

is named after the patriot An-Chung Gun who assassinated Ito Hiro Bumi, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. The thirty-two movements in this pattern represent Mr. An’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison in 1910.



is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang(16th cent. A.D.) an authority on Neo-confucianism. The 37 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th parallel.



is named after the Hwarangdo youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty around 620 A.D. This group eventually became the driving force in the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. (Silla, Koguryo and Baek Je)



30 Movements Chung-Mu is the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 A.D. The reason this pattern finishes with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his loyalty to the king.



Po-Eun Hyung

Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Choong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean.He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram ( – ) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.




The pattern Ge-Baek is named after Gae-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram ( I ) represents his severe and strict military discipline.



Kwang-Gae Hyung

 KWANGGAE is named after the famous KwangGae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory.



Pal-gwe Form Meanings/Videos
Pal-gwe 1 Form/Video

20 Movements Heaven: The first form represents the greatness of heaven and light. This form is powerful and aggressive and should be considered the source of creation.


Pal-gwe 2 Form/Video

26 Movements Lake: The second form represents the treasures and mysteries of the lake. This form should be performed with ease and fluidity. This is an uplifting, serene and gentle form that should be performed forcefully but not aggressively. This form represents an awareness of your limitations and your ability to overcome or live within them.

Pal-gwe 3 Form/Video

22 Movements Fire: The third palgwe form represents the energy of fire or the sun. This form should be performed with warmth and enthusiasm. This form represents the characteristics of fire such as variety and passion. The movements should be executed with quick, rhythmic, unpredictable pace and styling.

Pal-gwe 4 Form/Video

28 movements Thunder: The fourth form represents thunder (noise without substance) which is a powerful natural source that comes from the sky and is absorbed by the earth. This form should be performed with bravery and courage. This form contains movements that display calm composure and strong balance such as blocks in combination with strikes and front kicks that require you to use force but immediately recover into a back stance, the way a passing thunderstorm nourishes the earth.

Pal-gwe 5 Form/Video

37 movements Wind: The fifth palgwe form represents wind (substance without noise) which is a gentle force that can change directions and become destructive without warning. This form should be performed with movements that change from gentle to violent. The movements of this form are yielding yet penetrating, soothing yet destructive, invisible yet manifest. This form represents a humble state of mind which balances the contrasting elements of the wind, gentleness and power.

Pal-gwe 6 Form/Video

29 Movements Water: The sixth form represents the liquidity and formlessness of water. Water flows around and absorbs things. It never loses its form. This teaches us that hardships and difficulties can be overcome by maintaining the natural flow, movement and integrity of water. This set of movements should be performed as though every action is exactly what is called for to overcome a situation at a particular moment in time.

Pal-gwe 7 Form/Video

29 Movements Mountain: The seventh form symbolizes the immovable mountain. This form is characterized by stability in which moving and stopping occur at the appropriate times and for the appropriate reasons. This pattern reflects the need to combine movement and non-movement in response to an attack. The stability of a mountain comes from structural soundness and a form that is noble and majestic.

Pal-gwe 8 Form/Video

30 Movements Koryo is the name of an ancient dynasty in the Korean peninsula. The English name of “Korea” originated from the name of  his “Koryo” dynasty with which was famed for the valiant spirit of its people which tey defeated the Mongolian aggression. The Koryo Dynasty lasted from 935 to 1392 AD and was the first dynasty to unify all of the Korean peninsula. Koryo Poomsae is based on spirit of / sonbae(Sonbi) which was inherited from Koruryo to Balhae and to Koryo. Songae means strong martial art and honest spirit of scholars.